So as a language learner and language teacher (and of course, avid Polyglot Blogger extraordinaire 🙂 ), I like to try out new methods and tricks of language learning from time to time just to see what’s fun and/or efficient. I share a video a few weeks back from a self-described PolyNot who discussed the role of vocabulary in language learning and how one actually needs a lot less words than one thinks in order to start reading a new language.
This got me thinking. Yes, in theory, in most languages, the first 100 words can really take up a large percentage of text. Some studies suggest that in English that first 100 words makes up as much as 50% of text. (Let that sink in friends, it’s a big number.) One might think they’d found the Holy Grail of language learning hearing that.
But (there always is one) the one thing those studies seem to neglect to mention is that most of those words are function words– that is conjunctions, linking verbs, prepositions, articles, etc… All the words that are more difficult to define and that your brain doesn’t grab onto as easily- in fact it often just skips them when you’re reading because it doesn’t need them too often. So the question becomes HOW do we make use of this knowledge in a legitimate way? If we read big pieces of text, we may recognize the words but not have any sense of meaning.
The answer came to me like a lightning bolt. Small pieces of text… in everyday language… oh my gosh did somebody say TWEETS?!?
So for the last 3 weeks I’ve started an experiment that I call “A Tweet a Day” (clever titles are my specialty as I’m sure you are all aware by now ;). Here is how I went about it.
First I found a list of the 1000 most high-frequency words in Japanese. (Okay I cheated a smidge in that I had a friend of mine who is much more skilled at Japanese find me said list because I trusted his judgement. I suggest you use this cheat if you have the choice. If not and you are concerned about finding a quality list, hit me up with your language of choice and I’ll help you find one.)
I then decided that each week I would add 10 words and ONLY 10 words to an Anki deck. Studies show that most people really only retain 5-10 words max a week in terms of new vocabulary over the long term. I have a very good memory so I went with 10. If memorization is a struggle for you, I suggest you start with 5. Remember, a lot of these beginning words are function words, and therefore aren’t going to come as naturally. (You can also use old school flashcards or a different SRS system of course. If you don’t remember what an SRS is, refer to this post I made earlier this year.)
Then each day I logged into Twitter and found a tweet. I try to just choose one of the early ones on my feed for the day, but as I follow a news group, they tend to monopolize the feed so sometimes I just pick a random Twitteratti that I follow and go with an earlier one from their direct feed. I can hear the panic already: “How do I find people to follow if I don’t know the language yet?”
I suggest finding music artists and sports stars first, as well as maybe 1 major news outlet. Usually if you do a quick Google search of the country of your language (or one of them) and the word “musician”, “athlete”, or “news”, a Wikipedia article or two will lead you in a solid direction. After that, Twitter will often send you lists of suggestions to follow. I tend to click on ones with interesting pictures- I can always UNFOLLOW them if they turn out to be stupid. (Yes, you CAN unfollow- social media need not consume your soul with overwhelming amounts of information to read!)
(I’d stick to only one news outlet solely because those suckers post A LOT. BBC Mundo and NHK flood my newsfeed to the point that I can’t find anyone else by skimming it. They are, however, solid sentences with actual correct grammar, so they have their pros as well as their cons.)
Lastly I copy and paste the Tweet into a OneNote Journal I set up for this purpose. You could physically copy it down, which would actually be good for your memory, but I’m lazy hehe. I then break my reading into 3 steps.
FIRST, I do a cold “read” on the tweet. I label this pass 1 and I attempt to mark/translate any words I know off the top.
SECOND, I run through my Anki flashcards (if I have any due that day). I then take a second crack at translating what I can of the tweet. This usually includes writing a quick guess at what the gist of the Tweet probably is.
LASTLY, I get a Google translation of the tweet. I know I know, Google translate is not always accurate and if you have a better option, use it. Sometimes I ask the aforementioned friend for a translation but he’s got a life and isn’t always available. Usually for 140 characters or less, Google can manage something that I can draw a solid translation from. I then make a few notes to myself about what I understood, what I misunderstood, and whether I’m making progress.
Today, after having only entered 30 words thus far into the deck, I managed to translate half of a news tweet correctly. I may have looked something like this:
The best parts of this? At 140 characters, I’m not overwhelmed by trying to read something with such little vocabulary knowledge. It also takes me less than 10 minutes generally to do all the above steps, with about 20 minutes on the day I put in new vocabulary. It’s simple, it’s daily, and it’s practical. Yes, you will run into slang and bad grammar but to be honest, that’s part of learning how to speak and interact like a native speaker. I’m finding it a fun addition to my language learning routines.
So that’s my current language learning experiment in progress. I’d love to hear if any of you have any such experiments underway and what the results have been. Feel free to inbox me with that or any other feedback and suggestions. Until then, Polyglot out!
Original Article Posting can be found here. Originally posted 06/17/14.